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Needlepoint Tips


Needlepoint Fabrics - Needlepoint Stitches


Needlepoint Fabrics

Needlepoint is done on a few different types of canvas fabric made of either  linen, cotton, hemp, polyester, or silk.  Canvas is generally very stiff like linen fabric.  There is a starch added in the manufacturing process that makes the canvas stiff and more durable.  Canvas comes in many different colors, but white is most often used and widely available.

Canvas comes in different thread counts like cross stitch fabric.  As in cross stitch fabric, needlepoint fabric that has a larger count is a more delicate fabric.  Canvas has a warp and a weft like all fabric.  Warp being the vertical threads which are straight.  Weft threads are horizontal and are wavy.

The three basic groups of Needlepoint canvas are Interlock, Penelope, and Mono.  Penelope canvas has two warp and two weft threads in each intersection of the fabric.  It comes in a limited color range.  Brown and white are your choices.  Sizes are 10/20 and 12/24.  Penelope canvas should be used when using half cross stitches.  It is the only fabric that will not be distorted while stitching when using half cross stitches.  Penelope canvas can be sewn without use of a hoop or frame because of it's stiffness and strength.

  Penelope canvas fabric

Interlock canvas is a little different.  It is 100% cotton and it has a double weft thread and a single warp thread.  Interlocking threads keep the canvas in alignment.  Interlock canvas comes in many stitch counts like 10, 12, 13, 14 and 18.  It does not unravel easily.  Interlock canvas can be used with a hoop or frame.

Interlock Canvas fabric

Mono canvas has a single warp and weft thread as it's name implies.  It is not as strong and Interlock and Penelope and is easily distorted.  It is easier on the yarn you use to do your project as it doesn't catch as easily as Interlock and Penelope.  It is best to work this kind of canvas on a frame.  Mono canvas comes in many colors and sizes.  Sizes include 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 22, and 24.  Congress cloth and Canvas Deluxe Mono are two of the most widely available mono canvases. 

Congress Cloth Canvas Deluxe Mono


Before you begin stitching, it is best to tape around the edges of your canvas to avoid fraying.  You should trim the taped edges off after you are done stitching your project because the tape leaves an acidic residue on the canvas.

Stretcher bars and Scroll FramesIt is important to use a stretcher bar or scroll frame to hold your canvas while you stitch.  It will keep the stitches from distorting the fabric and it provides even tension while you are stitching your project. 

Threading your needle can be done  freehand by squeezing the tip of the thread and pushing it through the eye of the needle.  If you have difficulty doing that, there are needle threaders made of fine metal.  You just put the fine metal tip through the eye of the needle, push your thread through the metal and pull it through the eye of the needle.  Another threading tip that anyone can use; take a small piece of stiff paper the width of the eye of the needle.  Fold the paper over the end of the thread and push the end of the paper through the eye of the needle.  I have found this method to be the easiest to use. 






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